Location: The state of Chihuahua is located at the northern end of Mexico, on the Northwest Central Plain. It borders to the north and northeast with the United States, to the west with Sonora and Sinaloa to the south with Durango and to the east with the state of Coahuila.

Chihuahua covers an area of 247 087 square kilometers (12.6% of the national territory), making it the largest state in Mexico. Its climate is arid to semi-arid, though there is regular rainfall and occasional extremes in temperature. The average annual temperature is 68º F.

The origin of the name is much debated by historians and linguistics, that have come up with several versions, been one from the nahuatl language  “Xicahua” the most known which means “dry and sandy place”.

The state is shaped by three great regions called Sierra, Plains or Plateaus and Desert comprising each one of them a third of the total surface of the state and they occur from east to west in the form of great bands. This gives to the climate and geography contrasting conditions given to the state it´s best known images: great deserts, mountains, canyons and forest. 

The Sierras of Chihuahua are formed in the most western zone, in which the Barranca del Cober (Copper Canyon) and Basaseachi Fall (the highest in Mexico) both places well know international has tourist destinations.

The Plains is a transection zone between the sierras and the deserts. Is the most northern extension of the upper plateaus of Mexico that starts in the central part of the country. An area where its flora depends on the occasional rains.

The desert it’s the extension into the state of The Bolsón de Mapimí which is an endorheic or internal drainage basin in which no rivers or streams drain to the sea but rather toward the center of the basin often terminating in swamps and ephemeral lakes. It is located in the center-north of the Mexican Plateau. This desert is called The Chihuahuan Desert since most of it lays on this state, but also extends into the Texas and New Mexico to the north and down south to neighboring states, making it the largest desert in North America.

Because of its great geographic differences it presents a variety of weathers. At the upper lands mild to cold winters. At the bottom of the canyons its more hummed and mild to hot summers. At the plain it will be dry and it can go to very cold in winter to very hot summers.
To the east, the weather can be dry with very little rains, hot in summer and cool in winters.

Ethnic Groups

The main ethnic groups of the state are:

  • Indigenous

Raramuris: better known as Tarahumaras and live in the “heart” of the Sierras. Second largest ethnic group in North America
Tepehuanes: living in the southwestern part of the sierras
Guarijíos: Smaller group living in the western part of the sierras.
Pimas: The smallest of the four ethic groups in Chihuahua and are located in the northwestern part of the state.

  • Non Indigenous
  • Mennonites: Largest Non-Indigenous ethnic group in the state with approximately 72,000 people. A religious group of European descendent.  Establish in Mexico since 1922


Mormones: Religious group that came to the state in the early 1880´s from Utah in the United Sates

Chihuahua has a variety of tourist destinations such as archeological sites, colonial towns know as “Pueblos Magicos”, modern cites, canyons, waterfalls, etc.  
You can get to know all these places through our travel agency Turismo Al Mar, we can customize your trip…
Come and get to know us!


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